ISO 2768: Navigating the International Standard for General Tolerances

ISO 2768: Navigating the International Standard for General Tolerances

ISO 2768, an international standard, plays a pivotal role in the engineering and manufacturing sectors by defining general tolerances for linear dimensions, angular dimensions, and geometrical tolerances for parts manufactured by machining processes. This comprehensive guide explores the significance of ISO 2768, its classifications, applications, and how it harmonizes manufacturing processes globally.

Introduction to ISO 2768

ISO 2768 aims to simplify drawing specifications for mechanical parts by specifying tolerance guidelines for dimensions without individual tolerance indications. It's divided into two main parts: ISO 2768-1 for linear and angular dimensions and ISO 2768-2 for geometrical tolerances. This standard facilitates the communication of engineering intentions, reducing the complexity of drawings and ensuring uniformity in the interpretation of dimensional tolerances.

The Scope of ISO 2768

ISO 2768-1: Linear and Angular Dimensions

ISO 2768-1 categorizes tolerances into classes according to precision levels - fine (f), medium (m), coarse (c), and very coarse (v). These classes provide a range of tolerances, allowing designers to specify appropriate levels of precision for different parts and functions:

ISO 2768-2: Geometrical Tolerances

ISO 2768-2 deals with geometrical tolerances not explicitly defined on the drawing, covering aspects like flatness, straightness, symmetry, and roundness. This part of the standard ensures that even without detailed geometric specifications, the parts will meet general quality expectations.

Importance of ISO 2768 in Manufacturing

ISO 2768 standardizes a broad spectrum of general tolerances, facilitating international trade and cooperation in the engineering and manufacturing sectors. It helps in:

Application of ISO 2768

The application of ISO 2768 extends across various manufacturing processes, including machining, casting, and sheet metal fabrication. It is particularly beneficial in the following scenarios:

Challenges and Considerations

While ISO 2768 facilitates standardization, its application requires careful consideration:

ISO 2768 in CAD and Engineering Drawings

In computer-aided design (CAD), ISO 2768 can be integrated into drawing templates to automatically apply general tolerances, enhancing efficiency and reducing errors. Engineers and designers should be familiar with ISO 2768 to correctly interpret and apply these standards in their drawings and specifications.

Global Impact and Compliance

ISO 2768 has a significant global impact, promoting uniformity and quality in manufactured products. Compliance with this standard is often a prerequisite in international contracts and supply chains, emphasizing its importance in global manufacturing practices.


ISO 2768 serves as a cornerstone in the standardization of general tolerances in the manufacturing industry, offering a framework that balances the need for precision with practicality in production. By understanding and applying ISO 2768, manufacturers, engineers, and designers can ensure product consistency, quality, and interoperability, facilitating smoother global manufacturing operations and reducing costs. As manufacturing continues to evolve with technological advancements, the principles outlined in ISO 2768 remain fundamental in guiding the industry towards a more standardized and efficient future.

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